FROM FANTASY TO THE INTERNET OF THINGS

The Internet of things is an IT trend that, in a competent environment, has an IoT abbreviation, is the concept of a computing network between physical objects, with built

FROM FANTASY TO THE INTERNET OF THINGS

FROM FANTASY TO THE INTERNET OF THINGS. 
The ideas of controlling surrounding objects have long been circulating in the thoughts of mankind, even Nikola Tesla predicted such an opportunity. In 1999, thoughts about the Internet of things as a concept were formulated. Their main idea was to use radio frequency identification tools to interact between physical objects and the environment. 
Further development of the technology continued in the 2010s, in connection with the active development of related areas: the use of cloud technologies, the massive spread of wireless networks, the introduction of machine-to-machine interaction, so the first practical solutions and many applications of the technology appeared. 
 
The Internet of things is an IT trend that, in a competent environment, has an IoT abbreviation, is the concept of a computing network between physical objects, with built-in identifiers (for example: radio signals, QR and barcodes, location tools, identifiers of mobile devices) for interaction with each other or with an external environment that can optimize processes, exclude from the part of human interactions and operations. Unlike conventional automation, which, in essence, sets the program to achieve the goal, for the Internet of things it is only necessary to form a goal that will be fulfilled as a result of the interaction of objects. 
 
Already now this type of automation comes not only to industrial facilities, but also to the homes of ordinary people. This is a network of computers, a combination of mobile devices, which is no new thing for everyone, industrial equipment is controlled from a single remote control, household appliances for smart homes that allow you to guess the wishes of their inhabitants and solve everyday needs. 
 
Examples of such decisions in everyday life are: 
 
Installation of smart meters for gas, water and electricity in homes and apartments. The counters transmit information about the resource consumption to the cloud storage servers, after receiving an analysis of this data, the providers bill for services and determine the load on the utility networks. 
 
Another example is navigation systems. Almost every driver of the vehicle has mobile devices, such as a tablet, smartphone. Gadgets transmit to the server the coordinates, the direction of movement of the car and its speed. On the server, data is analyzed, problematic areas of traffic are calculated, alternative detour routes are determined. The results of these calculations are transmitted back to the mobile device and already display to us the finished infographic picture of the road situation. 
 
The use of technology in medicine is very important, which helps save lives. Medical facilities receive data from sensors installed on patients. Thus, in real time, doctors have the ability to monitor the physical condition of the patient and make timely decisions about adjusting the course of treatment of patients. 
 
In agriculture, the Internet of things is used to monitor the status of crops. Sensors are installed on the plots, which allow interactively determining the state of the soil, temperature and humidity. As a result, monitoring allows you to make timely decisions on improving the properties of the environment. 
 
One example of the use of the concept in enterprises is an analysis of the state of production equipment to effectively build a process and increase the efficiency of maintenance and repair. Using all kinds of sensors on production units in a single dispatching service determine the need for prevention and repair of equipment or its components. In this way, the reliability of production is increased and the risks of emergencies are reduced. 
 
And this is just a small list of examples of the real use of technology ... What advantages this concept will give us will show the future, but now it is clear that the scope is very vast. 




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